Austrian painter, Egon Schiele was born on 12 June 1890 in Tulln an der Donau near Vienna and died on 31 October 1918 in Vienna. He is one of the major artists of the early 20th century along with Oskar Kokoschka and Gustav Klimt, who are often associated with his name. Schiele left about 300 paintings, 17 engravings and lithographs, 2 woodcuts, numerous sculptures and 3,000 drawings, watercolours or gouache. Firstly anchored in Art Nouveau, he developed his style characterised by a combination of ornamental structure with broken lines and expressive use of colour. He founded in 1909 the “Group for a new Art” and then joined the group “Sema” in 1911 in Munich, which counted among its members Paul Klee and Alfred Kubin. Schiele is known to have produced a large number of self-portraits as well as for his daring naked audacity, which earned him being imprisoned. The artistic quality of his work finally achieved international recognition during the First World War, but he did not have time to complete most of commissions and died of the Spanish flu three days after his wife.

Art Bios compiles biographies of modern and contemporary artists, providing comprehensive information on the general background, artistic vision and development of both renowned and lesser-known artists. Biographies on the former group are approximately three thousand words long, whereas those on the latter are about half that size.

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